There are many ways to plan the shots for your projects.
No matter what method you choose, the goal is to communicate your ideas to the people you’re working with. Video is a very collaborative art and communication is key.
Step 1: Choose a method
Choose to draw storyboards by hand or use digital storyboarding tools. Some storyboarding software includes storyboard artwork -No drawing necessary.
Step 2: Use a template
Create or download a free storyboard template for pencil sketching. Digital storyboarding tools create the templates for you by placing boards into formatted templates based on layout choices made within the tool.
Step 3: Compose an image
Draw a series of images to represents key moments in your script. The goal is to visually capture the essence of the scene. Create storyboards as if you are making a comic strip. Storyboarding software includes storyboard character artwork that simplify and quicken the process of creating concept boards for approval.
Step 4: Add captions
Enter bits of dialogue or notes under frames to emphasize, and clarify important moments. A completed storyboard document is a high level view of a project. It's a previsualization of the finished project done in the preproduction phase of film and video making. This process visually maps out a production and outlines its flow.
What does a storyboard contain?
A storyboard contains a series of thumbnail images that convey the events in a video or film project. From beginning to end a storyboard highlights key moments. Think of it as shooting your project on paper. Shot by shot, you draw out the script and decide how to visually compose each scene.
What is a key storyboard moment?
Key moments consist of who, what, where, when, how and why ...and are critical to moving the story forward:
• Establishing a location
• Introduction of a character
• Change in the action
• Condensing time
o Change of location
o Change time of day/time of year/time of century
• Highlighting major plot points that grab attention
o Emotional highlights
o Clues to future or past
o Turning points in the drama
How many frames does a storyboard have?
The number of frames of a storyboard depends on several choices:
1. the audience for your boards;
2. the length and complexity of the project.
After expressing key moments in images or series of images you can add clarification with additional frames.
For a live-action film/video project, add shots between the key moments to visually smooth out the story .
For a :30 or :60 commercial, the key moments might be all you need to communicate the idea.
Digital storyboarding software makes adding frames or deleting and reordering frames easier than sketching with pencil and paper.
How big is a storyboard? And what style to choose?
To determine how big or what style/level of complexity first ask who is the audience for the storyboards. The choice can influence the size, style and complexity of your boards.
Are the boards for:
• the Crew
• a Producer
• a Client
• Potential Investors/finance agent
Simple to storyboard - no drawing needed
Storyboard made with StoryBoard Quick 'stand-in' characters. A simple 'meet and greet' scene.
Simple storyboards are rough sketches to illustrate the camera setups (shot composition) and main elements of a scene.
• Quick and clear story boards showing key element placement (actors' position and size in frame) speed up camera and lighting setup time.
• Creating a simple visual plan reduces questions from crew members about what comes next. [Captions hold slug lines and beginning dialogue text; camera and lighting notes; or prop and scenery notes.]
• Simple story boards can help directors work out story clarity and create groundwork for powerful shots when communicating with cinematographer
GOOD for: Self, Crew, Communicating with Cinematographer, brainstorming creative shot ideas
Detailed storyboards are used to "sell" a concept and can also serve as a proof of concept.
Storyboards can start as simple boards and then progress. Story artists and art directors can be hired for the detailed job of drawing panels by hand, using Photoshop or using storyboarding software that provide paint/draw tools.
Digital storyboarding enables the use of photos of actual locations, 3D models and/or pre-rendered storyboard art as a substitute for hand sketching. StoryBoard Quick Studio storyboarding software can recreate hand drawn panels with a print-to-sketch feature.
GOOD for: Producers, Clients, Studios
GOOD to: brainstorm ideas, work out story flow, edit scenes and show frame durations
What is an Animatic Storyboard?
An Animatic is an animated storyboard
Adding motion to storyboards helps set timing, mood, and pace when layered with music, sound effects and frame transitions. This can be done using Photoshop and video editing software or storyboarding software made to create motion storyboards [also known as: storyreels, animatics or leica reels].
Using PowerProduction's StoryBoard Artist digital storyboard software, Use the Timeline feature to add sound tracks or place voiceover. Add music and/or special effects in the Timeline and create what is called an animatic.it is easy to add digital photos of real locations for backgrounds. Then layer characters, props and other digital elements on top of the background locations.
Production notes/info made when creating a storyboard are not always presented. And when using digital storyboard software [like StoryBoard Artist] it is quick and easy to show or hide information elements.
In addition, animation storyboards will add sound tracks first and build out their animation (key frame style) around the sound.
Other Storyboard types include:
For instance, commercial storyboards use key frames to show script ideas/concepts and product placement. Each frame is contains enough details to persuade clients to buy the concept for the client's message. Since commercials are typically short, info needs to be communicated quickly. Captions or sound tracks give Voice Over (announcer) dialogue and music cues.
Furthermore, ad agencies and commercial production houses use printed boards and/or animatics to sell their ideas to the clients. The storyboard process helps the agency and client understand the vision of the commercial and helps visualize the feel and tempo. Agencies will also distribute boards to production houses to facilitate the bidding process.
E-learning and Games:
Non-linear or branching project development starts with mock-ups of the idea, usually for elearning. For this reason, refining details, especially prior to rendering or coding, saves programming time. And most important, project storyboards allow for creative input and idea expansion at this early stage of production.
How to compose a storyboard a frame
Focus on the elements (characters, props, locations) needed in the frame.
Select a shot type to communicate the emotion you want to convey: Long Shot, Medium Shot, Close Up, POV.
Finally, what if you can't draw?
Storyboard Software: No Drawing Necessary
The best part is that you can storyboard even if you can't draw. No drawing skills needed. Use Storyboard Quick. Or if you simply want to storyboard fast and efficiently, you don't need to be a graphic artist to do so. Use Storyboard Quick. Communicate ideas quickly and in style. StoryBoard Quick has built-in storyboard artwork and choices of professional storyboard templates.
Sally A. Walsh is a screenwriter, producer and co-founder of PowerProduction Software, creators of the first digital storyboarding application StoryBoard Quick, https://www.powerproduction.com/.